Black Castle is located in western Slovakia in the mountains Tríbeč approximately 13 km northwest of Golden Moravce. The castle was built on top of the quartzite Black Castle 573 m above sea level approximately 2 km northwest of the village Zlatno.
The castle is located outside the main ridge and can get him the yellow marked trail directly from Zlatna or maple top, where the yellow sign with green crosses, which leads to the main ridge of Tribeca.
In the past, the castle belonged to Tekovská stool, which was located on its western border. Middle Gýmeš or Oponice already included in Nitra County. Castle nestrážil no significant medieval communication and probably served to defend the gold deposits in nearby streams.
The castle is bordered oval perimeter rampart and outer ditch oriented roughly north south direction with dimensions of approximately 95 mA 55 m. At present, no vale retained remnants of defensive walls, but in several sources indicated that in the first half of the 20th century are still visible. Entry to the castle area is expected from the north west, where val is interrupted.
In the central part of the area is a rectangular stone castle on the core dimensions of approx. 40 and 16 m, which was also oriented north-south and formed a sort of citadel of the castle. The residue masonry terénnychg feet and made a partial archaeological survey of 2005 is expected in the southern part of the refuge located prismatic tower, whose dimensions can only guess at 8x8m, the thick walls were at least 180 cm.
At the northern end of the courtyard are probably palace, measuring approx. 16x8 m. Based on field and feet uncovered remnants of masonry can be assumed internal breakdown. Among these objects were found návorie from the east and west fenced with stone walls 90 cm thick.
East wall was later zhrubený to 180 cm. Archaeological research found that on the inner cheeks, wooden buildings were built, first of functions. Around the middle of the courtyard is lock wireless crater suggests that there may be present tank. Access to the upper castle, due to the presence of smaller front of the gate, approximately 15x15 m located south of the tower can be expected somewhere in the vicinity.
As archaeological research conducted in 2007 confirmed that the tower itself with the most likely is not transient, as seems most likely possibility that the entrance to the upper castle is situated on the western edge of the tower. This hypothesis can be confirmed, however, only further research.
The history of the Black Castle that we know very little so far as the written sources mention the nearly overhead, and the wall was preserved as a minimum. More information about the castle brought to archaeological research conducted under the direction of M. Plums in 2005.
The castle was built on a promontory Tribečského conical mountain (573 m) with visual contact to Gýmeš, Hrušov Velčický and the nearby castle. Construction of the Black Castle probably related to the protection ryžovýsk gold in nearby streams and control of the local mountain roads through the saddle of a mountain nearby in Velčice Soľčian to Ponitrie.
City Zlatno is evidenced in writing as early as 1156, but construction of the stone castle itself can not for the results of previous archaeological research to put somewhere in the 13th breakthrough and 14 century. Noble foundation suggests donation to the neighboring village Zlatno Mark and John, sons of Bashan r. The 1328th
Considerable rebuilding and modernization of the castle are not yet supported (though at least hradbový east wall was subsequently occasioned the death of 180 cm). On that basis, as well as the finding of material dating from archaeological research may be assumed relatively short existnenciu and disappearance somewhere around the turn of the 14th and 15 century. He could relate to capital expansion Forgáčs end of the 14th century, which belonged to r. 1250 Gýmešské estate and r. Blazej Forgac 1386 he also Zlatno.
So far, the only written mention of the castle is a document from 1516 in which King Ludwig II. Peter and Nicholas granted the right to extract gold Forgáčs their estate Fekethewar.
Probably, however, indicates only possessions that may originally belong to čiernohradskému county and not the castle itself, which at that time have failed to fulfill its function first.
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